The collection contains over four thousand objects of cultural heritage. Various types of objects having different function contribute to the richness and diversity of the collection, dating back from the end of the 19th century to the present. The objects are connected to the Kniaz’s (Prince’s) and Tsar’s (King’s) families, historical personalities, famous Bulgarian families, as well as with important milestones in Bulgarian history. Most of them are objects of the town lifestyle. They mould our idea of the Bulgarian household after the Liberation and in the 20th century.
The collection preserves exquisite tableware from the Palace and lounge – car of the Royal train. They joined the collection of the National Museum of History in the 1980s. They are made of porcelain, silver and glass in renowned European workshops and were in use during the reign of Kniaz (Prince) Ferdinand I [Tsar (King) of the Bulgarians from 1908] and Tsar (King) Boris III. The museum owns a set which is a gift to Tsaritsa (Queen) Giovanna from her father – the Italian King Victor Emmanuel III.
Very important part of the collection are objects related to members of the Royal family, Bulgarian politicians, scientists, cultural and military personalities such as personal belongings of Dragan Tsankov, Petko Karavelov, Stefan Stambolov, Konstantin Stoilov, Kimon Georgiev, Vasil Zlatarski, Gavril Katsarov, Traycho Kostov, Elisaveta Bagryana, the Genelal Nikifor Nikiforov, the General Vladimir Vazov, etc.
Sets and objects of the mode of life that belonged to the Stanchioffs and the Kudoglu family in Plovdiv are objects of general interest.
The collection includes objects used in famous Bulgarian films from the second half of the 20th century that were donated to the National Museum of History by the New Boyana Film Joint – Stock Company in 2011.
The collection preserves gifts bestowed to President Zhelyu Zhelev by American Jews – as a token of gratitude for saving Bulgarian Jews during the Second World War. The collection also owns fountain – pens of President Georgi Parvanov and Minister of Foreign Affairs Solomon Passy with which the Protocols on Bulgaria’s integration into NATO (2003) and the Treaty for its joining the European Union in 2005 were signed.
The collection is being collected since 1975.